Assessing Infiltration and Exfiltration on the Performance of Urban Sewer Systems

 

 

 


 

 

PUBLICATIONS

 

 
 

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ARTICLES IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

OTHER PUBLICATIONS (SEMINARS, WORKSHOPS, CHAPTERS IN BOOKS, POSTERS...)

PhD THESES

STUDENT DIPLOMA THESES

 

ARTICLES IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS

Ellis J.B., Revitt D.M. (2002). Sewer losses and interactions with groundwater quality. Water Science and Technology, 45(3), 195-202.

Ellis J.B., Revitt D.M., Lister P., Willgress C., Buckley A. (2003). Experimental Studies of Sewer Exfiltration. Water Science and Technology, 47(4), 61-67.

Giulianelli M., Prigiobbe V., Succhiarelli C. (2004). Nuovi metodi per quantificare infiltrazioni ed exfiltrazioni nelle fognature urbane. Geologia dell'Ambiente, 4, 21-26 (in Italian).

Giulianelli M., Prigiobbe V. (2004). Fenomeni di infiltrazione ed exfiltrazione nelle fognature urbane, bacino sperimentale a Roma. L'Acqua, 6, 41-50 (in Italian).

Rieckermann J., Neumann M., Ort C., Gujer W. (2005). Dispersion Coefficients of Sewers from Tracer Experiments. Water Science and Technology , 52(5), 123-133.

Blackwood D.J., Ellis J.B., Gilmour D., Revitt D.M. (2005). Influencing Exfiltration Processes in Sewers. Water Science and Technology, 51(2), 147-154.

Rieckermann J., Borsuk M., Reichert P., Gujer W. (2005). A novel tracer method for quantifying sewer exfiltration. Water Resources Research, 41(5), W05013.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2005). Measurement of infiltration rates in urban sewer systems by use of oxygen isotopes. Water Science and Technology, 52(3), 229-237.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2005). Infiltration in sewer systems: comparison of measurement methods. Water Science and Technology, 52(3), 219-228.

Kracht O., Gujer W. (2005). Quantification of infiltration into sewers based on time series of pollutant loads. Water Science and Technology, 52(3), 209-218.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2005). Mesurage de l'exfiltration en réseaux d'assainissement par traçage artificiel au NaCl. La Houille Blanche, 5, 26-34. (in French).

Rutsch M., Mueller I., Krebs P. (2005). Dynamics of rain-induced pollutographs of solubles in sewers. Water Science and Technology, 52(5), 169-177.

Karpf C., Krebs P. (2005). Application of the leakage model to assess exfiltration. Water Science and Technology, 52(5), 225-232.

Revitt D.M., Ellis J.B., Paterakis N. (2006). Comparison of tracer techniques for monitoring sewer losses. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 8 (5), 564-571.

Rutsch M., Rieckermann J., Krebs P. (2006). Quantification of sewer leakage: a review. Water Science and Technology, 54 (6-7): 135-144.

Rieckermann J., Borsuk ME., Gujer W. (2006). Using decision analysis to determine optimal experimental design for monitoring sewer exfiltration with tracers. Water Science and Technology, 54 (6-7): 161-168.

Franz T., Rutsch M., Krebs P., Frehmann T., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L., Cardoso M. A., Ellis B., Giulianelli M., Gujer W., Pliska Z., Pollert J. und Pryl K. (2007). Untersuchung und Bewertung von In- und Exfiltration undichter Abwasserkanäle - das EU-Forschungsprojekt APUSS. KA Abwasser Abfall, 54(4), 353-361.

Rutsch M., Franz T. and Krebs P. (2007). Transferability of Exfiltration Rates from Sewer Systems. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 7(2), 69-74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1065/jss2007.02.209.

D.M. Revitt, J.B. Ellis and N. Paterakis. (2007). A Comparison of Two Dosing Techniques for the Determination of Sewer Exfiltration. Submitted to Urban Water Journal, October 2007.

Kracht O., Gresch M. and Gujer W. (2007). A stable isotope approach for the quantification of sewer infiltration. Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 5839-5845.

Rieckermann J., Bares V., Kracht O. et al. (2007). Estimating sewer leakage from continuous tracer experiments. Water Research, 41 (9): 1960-1972.

Kracht O., Gresch M. and Gujer W. (2008). Innovative Tracer Methods for Infiltration Monitoring. Submitted to Urban Water Journal (Fall 2007).

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Ellis J. B. (2001). Sewer infiltration / exfiltration and interactions with sewer flows and groundwater quality. Proceedings of the international conference Interurba II "Interactions between sewers, treatment plants and receiving waters in urban areas", 19-22 February 2001, Lisbon, Portugal, 311-319.

Cardoso A., Almeida M.C., Coelho S.T. (2002). Evaluation of the infiltration impact on the performance of urban sewer systems. Proceedings of the 9th National Congress on Water, Wastewater and Solid Waste "9ENASB", Braga, Portugal, 16-19 September 2002, 17 p. (in Portuguese).

Princ I., Kohout D., Tuma R. (2002). Infiltration and Exfiltration from House Connections. Proceedings of the international conference "Hydrosphere 2002", October 2002, Breclav, CZ, 7 p. (in Czech).

Rieckermann J., Gujer W. (2002). Quantifying exfiltration from leaky sewers with artificial tracers. Proceedings of the International Conference on "Sewer Operation and Maintenance 2002", Bradford, UK, 26-28 November 2002, 8 p.

Princ I., Kohout D. (2003). Infiltration and Exfiltration from House Connections. Proceedings of the conference "Wastewater 2003", Olomouc, CZ, 13-15 May 2003, 391-394.

Karpf C., Krebs P. (2003). Bilanzierung von Fremdwasser. Proceedings of the ATV-DVWK Landesgruppentagung Sachsen/Thüringen, Suhl, Germany, 20 May 2003, 29-44. (in German).

Princ I., Kohout D. (2003). Infiltration and Exfiltration from House Connections. Proceedings of the international conference "Hydrosphere 2003", Breclav CZ, 2-3 October 2003, 221-224.

Rieckermann J., Bares V., Kracht O., Braun D., Gujer W. (2003). Quantifying exfiltration with continuous dosing of artificial tracers. Proceedings of the international conference "Hydrosphere 2003", Brno, CZ, 2-3 October 2003, 4 p.

Giulianelli M., Mazza M., Prigiobbe V., Russo F. (2003). Assessing exfiltration from a sewer by slug dosing of a chemical tracer (NaCl). Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Enhancing Urban Environment", Rome, Italy, 5-8 November 2003, 351-362.

Princ I., Kohout D. (2003). Infiltration and Exfiltration from House connections. Proceedings of the conference "Water Management Task 2003", Spindleruv Mlyn, CZ, November 2003, 41-44. (in Czech).

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Mesurage de l'infiltration d'eaux souterraines dans les réseaux d'assainissement par traçage des isotopes stables de la molécule d'eau. Actes de la conférence AUGC "Ville et génie civil", Marne-la-Vallée, France, 3-4 June 2004, 8 p. (in French).

Blackwood D.J., Ellis J.B., Revitt D.M., Gilmour D. (2004). The influence of sewage solids and sewer sediments on rates of exfiltration from defects in sewers. Proceedings of Novatech 2004 "Sustainable Technologies and Strategies for Urban Water Management", Lyon, France, 6-10 June 2004, 1609-1617.

Karpf C., Krebs P. (2004). Sewers as drainage systems - quantification of groundwater infiltration. Proceedings of Novatech 2004 "Sustainable techniques and strategies in urban water management", Lyon, France, 6-10 June 2004, 969-976.

Ellis J.B., Revitt D.M., Blackwood D.J., Gilmour D. (2004). Leaky sewers: Assessing the hydrology and impact of exfiltration in urban sewers. Proceedings of the International Conference "Hydrology: Science & Practice for the 21st Century". British Hydrological Society, Imperial College, London, UK, 12-16 July 2004, 266-271.

Prigiobbe V., Giulianelli M. (2004). Design of tests for quantifying sewer leakages by QUEST-C method. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, Dresden, Germany, 15-17 September 2004, 205-216.

Rutsch M., Mueller I., Krebs P. (2004). Dynamics of rain-induced pollutographs of solubles in sewers. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, Dresden, Germany, 15-17 September 2004, 469-476.

Karpf C., Krebs P. (2004). Application of the leakage model to assess exfiltration. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, Dresden, Germany, 15-17 September 2004, 217-224.

Rieckermann J., Neumann M., Ort C., Gujer W. (2004). Dispersion Coefficients of Sewers from Tracer Experiments. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling, Dresden, Germany, 15-17 September 2004, 417-426.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Measurement of infiltration rates in urban sewer systems by use of oxygen isotopes. Proceedings of the 4th International conference on "Sewer Processes and Networks", Madeira, Portugal, 22-24 November 2004, 309-316.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Infiltration in sewer systems: comparison of measurement methods. Proceedings of the 4th International conference on "Sewer Processes and Networks", Madeira, Portugal, 22-24 November 2004, 301-308.

Kracht O., Gujer W. (2004). Quantification of Infiltration into Sewers based on Time Series of Pollutant Loads. Proceedings of the 4th International conference on "Sewer Processes and Networks", Madeira, Portugal, 22-24 November 2004, 293-300.

Princ I., Kohout D. (2004). Assesssing of Infiltration to Sewer System in Locality Lazne Bohdanec. Procedings of the international conference "Hydrosphere 2004", Brno, CZ: NOEL 2004, 275-278.

Blackwood D.J., Gilmour D., Ellis J.B., Revitt D.M., Stainess A. (2005). Exfiltration from Sewers: Is it a Serious Problem? Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L., Cardoso M. A., Ellis B., Frehmann T., Giulianelli M., Gujer W., Krebs P., Pliska Z., Pollert J., K. Pryl. (2005). Towards a better knowledge and management of infiltration and exfiltration in sewer systems: the APUSS project. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Rutsch M., Rieckermann J., Krebs P. (2005). Quantification of sewer exfiltration - a review. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Rieckermann J., Borsuk M.E., Gujer W. (2005). Using decision analysis to determine optimal experimental design for monitoring sewer exfiltration with tracers. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Kracht O., Gresch M., Gujer W. (2005). Innovative tracer methods for infiltration monitoring. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Cardoso M.A., Prigiobbe V., Giulianelli M., Baer E., De Bénédittis J., Coelho S.T. (2005). Assessing the impact of infiltration and exfiltration in sewer systems using performance indicators: case studies of the APUSS project. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Franz T., Krebs P. (2005). Statistical methods towards more efficient infiltration measurements. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Karpf C., Krebs P. (2005). Assessment of extraneous water inflow in separated sewer networks. Proceedings of 10th ICUD - International Conference on Urban Drainage, Copenhagen, Denmark, 21-26 August 2005, 8 p.

Cardoso M.A., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L., Ellis J.B., Frehmann T., Giulianelli M., Gujer W., Krebs P., Pliska Z., Pollert J., Pryl K. (2006). Melhorar o conhecimento e a gestão da infiltração e da exfiltração em sistemas de drenagem urbana: o projecto APUSS. Proceedings of the 2º Encontro Nacional the Saneamento Básico, Cascais, Portugal, 24-27 October 12 p.

Revitt D.M., Ellis J.B., Paterakis N. (2006). A comparison of pulse tracer dosing and continuous tracer dosing for the determination of sewer exfiltration. Proceedings of the 2nd nternational Conference on Sewer Operation and Maintenance SOM 2006, Vienna, Austria, 26-28 October 2006, 8 p.

Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L., Barraud S., Le Gauffre P., Baer E. (2006). Infiltration in sewer systems : multi-criteria comparison of investment / rehabilitation strategies. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sewer Operation and Maintenance SOM 2006, Vienna, Austria, 26-28 October, 8 p.

Kracht O., Gujer, W. (2006). Tracer based quantification of sewer infiltration: experiences using natural isotopes (d18O, d2H). Proceedings of the 4th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Bern, Switzerland 24-25 November 2006.

Karpf C., Franz T. und Krebs P. (2007). Modelltechnische Ansätze zur Ermittlung von grundwasserinduzierten Fremdwasserabflüssen. Gewässerschutz-Wasser-Abwasser 207 (Proc. 40. Essener Tagung, Aachen, 14.-16.03.2007). 40/1 - 40/11. ISBN 978-3-938996-13-3.

Karpf C., Franz T. and Krebs P. (2007). Fractionation of infiltration and inflow (I/I) in urban sewer systems with regression analysis. Proc. NOVATECH 2007. Lyon, June 2007. Vol. 3, 1227-1234. ISBN 2-9509337-9-3

Franz T. and Krebs P. (2007). Transfer of infiltration measurement results to other sewers by means of discriminant analysis. Proc. 5th International Conference on Sewer Processes and Networks. Delft, 28-31 August 2007. 245-253.

Franz T. und Krebs P. (2007). Optimierung von Messnetzen für die Bestimmung von Fremdwasser. Proc. Dresdner Kolloquium zur Siedlungswasserwirtschaft 2007. Dresden, 04.10.2007. Dresdner Bericht 29, 51-61. ISSN 1615-083X

J. B. Ellis, D. M. Revitt and D. J. Blackwood (2008). Factors influencing temporal exfiltration rates in sewer systems. Abstract submitted to the 11th ICUD, Edinburgh, UK, 31 Aug.-5 Sept. 2008, 2 p.

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OTHER PUBLICATIONS (SEMINARS, WORKSHOPS, CHAPTERS IN BOOKS, POSTERS...)

Pollert J., Handová Z. (2001). Ecological Risks in Urban Drainage. Proceedings of the "Civil Engineering Workshop 2001", Prague, CZ: CTU, 2001, 936-937.

Koudelák P., Pollert J. (2001). Kritéria beznanosového rezimu ve stokové síti (In Czech). In "Optimalizace návrhu a provozu stokových sítí a COV 2001", Brno, CZ : NOEL 2000, 2001, 17-22.

Uibrig H., Karpf C., Rutsch M., Krebs P. (2002). Possibilities of Assessing Extraneous Water. Proceedings of the seminar "Rehabilitation and Maintaining Sewer Networks", University of Rostock, Germany, 21-22 March 2002, 12 p. (in German).

Rieckermann J., Gujer W. (2002). Quantifying exfiltration from sewer systems with a novel tracer method. Proceedings of 16th European Junior Scientist Workshop on "RTC and measurements in urban drainage networks", Milo, Italy, 7-10 November 2002, 71-81.

Giulianelli M., Paoluzzi M., Prigiobbe V. (2002). GIS for infiltration and exfiltration management on urban drainage network in Rome. Proceedings of 16th European Junior Scientist Workshop on "RTC and measurements in urban drainage networks", Milo, Italy, 7-10 November 2002, 107-115.

Princ I. (2002). Infiltration from house connections. Proceedings of "Water Management Task 2002", November 2002, Spindleruv Mlyn, CZ, 4 p. (in Czech).

Kohout D. (2002). Exfiltration from house connections. Proceedings of "Water Management Task 2002", November 2002, Spindleruv Mlyn, CZ, 4 p. (in Czech).

Rieckermann J., Kracht O., Gujer W. (2002). Tracermethoden zur Quantifizierung der hydraulischen Interaktion zwischen Abwasserkanalisation und Grundwasserleiter. EAWAG Jahresbericht, 2002 (http://www.eawag.ch/publications/jahresbericht). (in German).

Kracht O., Gresch M., de Bénedittis J., Prigiobbe V., Gujer W. (2003). Stable isotopes of water as a natural tracer for infiltration into urban sewer systems. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 07852, 2003.

Princ I., Kohout D., Tuma R. (2003). Infiltrace a Exfiltrace do / z domovních prípojek. SOVAK - casopis oboru vodovodu a kanalizací (period 12, 1/2003), 11-13. (in Czech).

De Bénedittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2003). Measurement of infiltration rates in sewer systems : use of natural water isotopes. International Seminar on in-sewer processes, TU Delft - Sewnet, Delft, NL, 10-11 April 2003, 41 p.

Rieckermann J., Kracht O., Gujer W. (2003). Wie dicht ist unser Kanalnetz? EAWAG News, 57, 29-31. (in German).

Rutsch M., Uibrig H. (2003). Classification system to estimate the leakage of sewers. Proceedings of the 17th European Junior Scientists Workshop on "Rehabilitation management of urban infrastructure networks", Neunzehnhain, Germany, 3-7 September 2003, 8 p.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2003). Measurement of infiltration rates in urban sewer systems: use of oxygen isotopes. Proceedings of the 18th European Junior Scientists Workshop on "Sewer Processes and Networks", Almograve, Portugal, 7-11 November 2003, 8 p.

Kohout D. (2003). Infiltration and Exfiltration from House Connections. Proceedings of the 18th European Junior Scientists Workshop on "Sewer Processes and Networks", Almograve, Portugal, 7-11 November 2003, 8 p.

Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2003). Assessing infiltration and exfiltration on the performance of urban sewer systems. Proceedings of the 2nd IMAGE-TRAIN Cluster Meeting on "Sustainable management of soil and groundwater resources in urban areas", Krakow, Poland, 2-4 October 2002. Wien (Austria) : Umweltbundesamt, Tagungsberichte. vol 33, 57-61.

Rieckermann J., Bareš V., Braun D., Kracht O., Prigiobbe V., Gujer W. (2004). Assessing exfiltration from sewers with dynamic analysis of tracer experiments. Proceedings of the 19th European Junior Scientist Workshop on "Process Data and Integrated Urban Water Modelling", 11-14 March 2004, Lyon, France, 8 p.

Franz T., Rutsch M., and Krebs P. (2004). Field Data to Estimate Infiltration into Sewer Systems. Proceedings of the 19th European Junior Scientist Workshop on "Process Data and Integrated Urban Water Modelling", 11-14 March 2004, Lyon, France, 8 p.

Kracht O., Rieckermann J., Gujer W. (2004). Tracer bringen es an den Tag. EAWAG Jahresbericht, 2004, p.21 (in German).

Stedman L., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Seeking certainty on sewer assessment. Water 21, August 2004, 56-57.

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Mesurage de l'exfiltration en réseaux d'assainissement par traçage artificiel au NaCl. Actes des 1° Journées Doctorales en Hydrologie Urbaine " JDHU 2004 ", Lyon, France, 25-26 octobre 2004, 65-72. (in French).

De Bénédittis J., Bertrand-Krajewski J.-L. (2004). Measurement of infiltration rates in urban sewer systems : use of oxygen isotopes. Published in "Sewer networks and processes within urban water systems" (Bertrand-Krajewski et al., editors). London (UK) : IWA Publishing, WEMS - Water and Environmental Management Series, November 2004, 128-137.

Kracht O., Gujer W. (2005). Neue Wege in der Fremdwasserbestimmung. VSA, 61. Hauptsammlung, 8 April 2005, 17-24. (in German).

Kracht O., Ort C., Rieckermann J., Gujer W. (2005). Leaky sewers and micropollutants require innovative solutions. Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering Annual Report 2005. ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland.

Franz T., Karpf C., Krebs P. (2006). Grossraeumige Modellierung von Infiltration und Exfiltration (Large-scale modelling of infiltration and exfiltration). Proceedings of the DWA Gemeinschaftstagung "Undichte Kanaele - (k)ein Risiko?" Frankfurt, Germany, 11-12 Oktober 2006, 131-142. ISBN 3-939057-60-6.

Kracht O., Rieckermann J., Gujer W. (2007). Projet APUSS - Quantification de l'in- et l'exfiltration des canalisations. Association suisse des professionnels de la protection des eaux (VSA) - Séminaire de formation continue: Infiltration des eaux pluviales et protection des eaux souterraines. Ecole d'ingénieurs et d'architectes de Fribourg, Suisse, 07 Mars 2007.

J. B. Ellis, D. M. Revitt and D. J. Blackwood (2007). Sewer exfiltration: a literature survey and evaluation with particular reference to the City of Lodi sewer system. Confidential Consultancy Report, August 2007.

J. B. Ellis, D. M. Revitt and D. J. Blackwood (2007). Expert opinion. Prediction of flow rates, velocities and depths and resulting pressures in the sag section of the Lodi sewer. Confidential Consultancy Report, August 2007.

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PhD THESES

De Bénédittis J. (2004). Mesurage de l'infiltration et de l'exfiltration dans les réseaux d'assainissement. INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France, 16 avril 2004, 331 p. (in French).

Prigiobbe V. (2005). Assessment of Infiltration and Exfiltration in Urban Sewer Systems: Experimental Design for the Application of New Methods. Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata in collaboration with IRSA-CNR Rome, Italy, 5 May 2005.

Rieckermann J. (2006). Quantification of Exfiltration from Sewers with Tracers. ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland, 2006.

Rutsch M. 2007 Assessment of sewer leakage by means of exfiltration measurements and modelling tests. Dissertation, Institut für Siedlungs- und Industriewasserwirtschaft, TU Dresden. Dresdner Bericht 27, ISSN 1615-083X. HSSS: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:swb:14-1175685350577-01644

Franz T. 2007 Spatial classification methods for efficient infiltration measurements and transfer of measuring results. Dissertation, Institut für Siedlungs- und Industriewasserwirtschaft, TU Dresden. Dresdner Bericht 28, ISSN 1615-083X. HSSS: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:swb:14-1181687412171-65072

Cardoso M.A. 2007 Performance Assessment of Urban Drainage Systems. PhD Thesis in Civil Engineering, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal. (Abstract)

Kracht, O. (2007). Tracer-based hydrograph separation methods for sewer systems. ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland, 2007. http://e-collection.ethbib.ethz.ch/cgi-bin/show.pl?type=diss&nr=16994

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STUDENT DIPLOMA THESES

Lükewille F. (2001). Untersuchung des Einflusses verschiedener Parameter auf die Genauigkeit von Durchflussmessungen nach der Verdünnungsmethode. Master Thesis, Universität Essen, Deutschland. (in German).

Neitzke S. (2002). Evaluation expérimentale de l'infiltration et de l'exfiltration dans les réseaux d'assainissement - Etude bibliographique et identification de sites expérimentaux. Master Thesis, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France, Juillet 2002, 105 p. + appendix. (in French).

Dominguez D. (2003). The Identification of Exfiltration from Leaky Sewers - Applied System Analysis in Urban Hydrology. Diploma-Thesis, D-BAUG, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.

Dagher S. (2003). Evaluation de la performance des réseaux d'assainissement : étude de l'infiltration d'eaux parasites et de l'exfiltration d'effluents, développement et test de méthodes de mesure. Master Thesis,INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France, Septembre 2003. (in French).

Niesel K. (2003). Applicability of Sodium Chloride for the Quantification of Exfiltration from Urban Sewer Systems. Master Thesis, Universität Rostock, Rostock, Deutschland, 75 p.

Schmeißer J. (2003). Statistical analysis of structural data of the Dresden sewer system. Diploma thesis, Institute for Urban Water Management, Dresden, Germany.

Mazza M. (2003). Valutazione delle exfiltrazioni da reti di fognatura urbana utilizzando il cloruro di sodio come tracciante artificiale. Diploma Thesis, IRSA-CNR, Italy, November 2003, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata in collaboration with IRSA-CNR Rome.

Di Giulio G. (2003). Quantificazione delle exfiltrazioni in fognature urbane mediante dosaggio in continuo di traccianti chimici. Diploma Thesis, IRSA-CNR, Italy, January 2004, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata in collaboration with IRSA-CNR Rome.

Gresch M. (2003). Nutzung der Isotopenzusammensetzung des Wassers zur Evaluierung des Fremdwasseranteils in einem kleinräumigen Kanalnetz. Diploma-Thesis, D-BAUG, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.

Schilperoort R. (2004). The natural water isotopes method applied in the Netherlands to measure infiltration in sewers. Master Thesis, TU Delft, The Netherlands, in collaboration with INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France. May 2004.

Cingolani (2004). Quantificazione delle infiltrazioni in fognatura mediante caratterizzazione isotopica. Diploma Thesis, IRSA-CNR, Italy, October 2004, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata in collaboration with IRSA-CNR Rome.

Schilperoort R. (2005). Natural water isotopes for the quantification of infiltration and inflow in sewer systems. MSc Thesis, TU DElft - INSA de Lyon, May 2004, 151 p.

Grappone S. (2005). Quantificazione delle infiltrazioni in fognatura mediante misure in continuo delle caratteristiche delle acque reflue. Diploma Thesis, IRSA-CNR, Italy, January 2005, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata in collaboration with IRSA-CNR Rome.

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